VISION FOR LIBERIA TRANSFORMATION
The Vision For Liberia Transformation (VOLT) as a fast growing organization of Liberians and supporters have developed this document to present a snapshot of the current potential challenges threatening the lives of the Liberian people, and chat the way forward for desirable change.
Currently, the Liberian people face serious socio-economic and health challenges. The World Health Organization reports that 80% of Liberia?s 4,564,917 population lives below the poverty line. The infant mortality rate is 78 out of 1,000. The maternal mortality rate is 770 per 100,000. Lung infections, diarrhea, malaria, Ebola, and other infectious diseases continue to lower the average life expectancy, which is now around age 60. With only one doctor per every 25,000 persons, health challenges are expected to escalate.
VOLT believes that Liberia, a country of vast natural resources, should confront these challenges through a strategic socio-economic and political process that involves national participation in learning the skills necessary for building the future. Therefore, we encourage you to read on and learn more about our mission and vision.
Historical Snapshot of Liberia
Liberia was established in 1822 as Africa?s first republic for freed slaves from the United States. In 1847, Liberia became an independent nation. The government was set up as a democracy with three branches of government. The President heads the executive branch. The Speaker of the House heads the legislative branch. The Chief Justice heads the judiciary branch.
Historically, Liberia has had a close relationship with the United States. The United States has been involved in Liberia?s domestic affairs. In 1942, America established a strategic military base in Liberia for advantage in World War II. America developed the world?s largest rubber plantation in Liberia. Currently, several companies based in the United States that use Liberia?s natural resources.
About five percent of Liberia?s population traces its lineage to being ex-slaves from the Americas. The descendants of the ex-slaves are known as Americo-Liberians. Until 1980, they dominated the centralized ruling system of the nation. In 1980, indigenous Liberians who were in the military engaged in a coup d?état, toppling the government and killing President William R. Tolbert, Jr. In 1990, indigenous Liberians shortcomings were to pit them against one another creating a civil war that spanned 14 years, and cost more than 200,000 innocent lives only to confuse the then ongoing revolution.
Prior to the civil war, iron ore had been one of Liberia?s primary exports, accounting for 65% of Liberia?s export earning, and about 25% of the national GDP. The civil war halted iron ore export for many years. In recent years, there has been a resumption of iron ore exportation, with a growth of 3.7% in 2011 to 10.4% in 2012 (www.eiti.org/liberia).
Liberia?s largest rubber plantation is owned, and controlled, by Firestone. There are 60,000 tons of rubber produced annually, which accounts for about 2% of the world?s rubber market. While rubber is the second largest export, timber is the third. Liberia is situated within a tropical rainforest. Compared to neighboring countries, Liberia has more forest areas, and a lower population density. Additionally, Liberia has natural resources that are not limited to fossil oil, diamonds, gold, etc.
VOLT has categorized Liberia?s problems into 10 areas of focus. They are:
VOLT?s Transformational Plan for Liberia
Transforming Liberia demands a robust plan of action to address the strategic issues.
The Vision For Liberia Transformation (VOLT) has customized practical solutions that not only tackle the problems but also give Liberia a well-balanced plan to thrive and succeed.
The rebuilding of Liberia centers on transformative leaders at all levels of government. Transformative leaders embody a change mentality that focuses on community building. Such ideology provides sufficient ingredients for the development and sustenance of democratic values. VOLT?s goals include:
Our educational system must be transformed. VOLT?s goals include:
1. To create an educational commission that will conduct a comprehensive review of Liberia?s educational system for all grade levels, and make recommendations on all aspects of academic preparation in Liberia. These include: facilities, teachers? training and qualifications, licensing, evaluations, course curriculum, and class size.
2. The allocation of funds for formal training of teachers through scholarships..
3. To provide Liberians with an educational system that is not only respected and recognized on the international front but one that will be strong in the integration of theory and practice. Strategic partnerships will play a significant role in transforming Liberia?s educational sector.
4. To transition the educational process from ?rote learning? that is based on memory alone without understanding to ?responsibility learning? based on critical thinking and analysis.
5. To develop more technical institutions on the national level that will guarantee every high school graduate both a diploma and certification in a major trade.
6. To have a strong ?standards and accountability? system that will focus on building quality by monitoring enrollment, drop-out, and graduation data, as well as test scores.
7To make education for all Liberians a right, not a privilege. .
Our healthcare system must be transformed. VOLT?s goals include:
Our agricultural system needs episodic transformation. VOLT?s goals include:
Our infrastructure must be transformed. VOLT?s goals include:
Liberia?s economic and political systems must be transformed to deal with Liberia?s unemployment. VOLT?s goals include:
VOLT remains resolute in its commitment to erasing the global negative stigma of corruption hovering over Liberia. VOLT?s goals to combat corruption include:
i. branch of government for the enforcement of anti-corruption laws.
3. To strengthen the national judicial system by spearheading a national initiative to train prosecutors for preparedness to litigate corrupt and unethical practices on national level. .
4. To promote General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and active participation of auditors in all governmental sectors nationwide. .
5. To renew Liberia?s extradition treaties with other nations to shut down the loophole of safe-haven for corrupt officials and return corrupt officials for prosecution in their countries. .
8. To abolish the cash-based system whereby taxes and other public debts are paid to officials in cash in private homes and not to the national revenue department at the Ministry of Finance.
Liberia is historically known as a country with natural endowment, but; derogatorily labelled as the second poorest nation in the world. With the natural endowment Liberia needs a transformational minded leader who will cannon Liberians with specific focus on bringing a dramatic end to the extreme poverty and put our society on a path of shared and sustained prosperity. In this like, we will foster the exportation of homemade products to foreign markets; improve investment opportunities, and minimize the importation of consumable products. With the focus on robust exportation of Liberian products, the country will not only be competitive on the global market, but will be lifting the average person, especially; our local producers out of the trap of poverty. This rejuvenation of Liberalization can be translated as arresting and reversing poverty to sustained prosperity. VOLT?s goals include:
VOLT remains resolute in its belief in human rights for all individuals within the borders of Liberian irrespective of nationality, tribe, political affiliation, race, economic background etc. VOLT?s commitment to equality will remain a high priority. VOLT?s goals to address human rights issues in Liberia include:
VOLT National Security Agenda
Since the termination of the almost 15-year civil crisis in Liberia in 2003, with the subsequent deployment of United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), Liberia has made significant progress towards sustaining peace under the supervision of United Nations. The deployment of UNMIL has helped Liberia not to only sustain peace, but it also created and built the entire peace process. The process of creating peace in the country started with training the national police, government officials, protecting the borders, providing internal security by literally policing the streets in major cities in the country, building human capacities as well as working with community members to rebuild their lives.
Although, the UNMIL mission in Liberia is time sensitive and has to come to cessation when the mission is over. In June of 2016, the UNMIL officially turned over the security of the country to the Liberian government. Prior to the official turnover of the national security to the national government, there were outcry of public distrust in the Ellen led government.
Among other things, both public and private sectors distrust in the Liberian government steamed not only from the notorious corrupt characteristics of the government, but the insecurity of private citizens and an unease, unfair business environment for which the government is responsible. The insecurity of the citizens had been evident by the disappearance of prominent citizens including Harry Greeves, Mr. Allison, the death of Korto in Police custody, the discovery of three children bodies in an identified person?s vehicle, and many mysterious disappearances of citizens.
All of the above cases are yet to be addressed properly while those ?could be perpetrators? go with impunity. This indication of inadvertent endorsement of the culture of impunity by the government creates a breeding ground for insecurity. In other words, the government?s inability to handle the security affairs of the country has produced byproducts such as lawlessness, street violence, gang and mob actions, citizens disrespect to authority and alleged killing of law enforcement officers. All of these establish the fact of lack of justice for the people, thereby indicating the evolvement of the society to becoming a ?might be right? society.
As Liberia recently emerged from civil crisis, there have been missteps in the peace consolidating process. Instead of the government embarking on peace dialogues among citizens, including the youth, and traditional leaders in various political subdivisions within the country, a peace and reconciliation commission now described as ?vindictive? came into being to collect data and investigate those that were participants in the civil crisis. Ironically, information gathered from the True and Reconciliation commission indicted major political players in the country including President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Nimba County Senior Senator Hon. Prince Johnson, and many others of being responsible for the war that claimed more than 200,000 lives. Those accused involvement in the current government and their political power had made it byzantine or practically impossible for the implementation of the commission?s recommendation.
Another misstep in the Liberian peace process that has a potential long-term threat for national security is the disarmament process of the ex-combatants and letting them loose in the community without robust rehabilitation programs that would include demobilization and encampment, capacity building and subsequent career placement. Perhaps, both the government and the UNMIL were yet to see the significance of demobilization and capacity building of the ex-combatants, majority of whom are now termed as criminals, drug abusers or underground economic operators. Such misstep is of course an unparalleled threat to national security.
Liberia?s current national security is fragile because of these identified missteps or refusal to acknowledge the ex-combatants as victims throughout the process. This provided negative insinuation about government and its function in the country.
The ordinary citizens have come to disbelieve that a government comes into being for the common good of the nation and people. Therefore, they have come to believe that a government comes into being for the promotion and protection of the few privileged against the majority poor. It is unarguable that collaboration with a government is because of the people?s perception of the utility of that government. However, if the perception and expectation of the least person in the society about the government is not the quality of respect, enabling environment for the majority poor, then said collaboration stands the risk to diminish significantly in the citizenry, thereby having a potential for instability.
In any civilized society, the prime source of any authority that a civil government can attained from citizens is the distribution of national endowed wealth. Consequently, when citizens find the government serviceable to them, there can be mutual benefits. Contrarily, any irregularity on the side of the government to build its administration outside moral sentiment or have countertransference of the ordinary citizens? feelings, the government will be labelled as suppressive, oppressive or engendering the culture of poverty. In such a situation, the poor becomes obliged to respect the immoral officials due to their economic shortcomings, whereas the immoral rich later disdain the moral poor.
This national security plan will be incomplete if the history of the Liberian civil war is ignored. The 15yrs civil war did not only detour or buried the soul and integrity of the nation or claimed at least 250,000 lives and reportedly displaced nearly 2,000,000 people in estimation. The killing and outrooting of citizens slain or otherwise created the disappearance of the social fabric. The conflict did not only destroy the social fabric, but also dethrone the economy and vital infrastructural development and subsequently reduced the national GDP by 90% and pushed at least 75% of the people into abject poverty; hence, below national poverty line. Because of the untold poverty situation in the country, the average Liberian lives on less than a dollar a day, an open secret.
National Security Threat
Amid the fragile stability been sustained in Liberia, there is a potential threat to national security. The Liberian government ignorance on corruption has given the country negative image globally and the nation ranked among highly corrupt countries in the world. Government failure to develop human resources consistence with the ever-evolving job market is consequential to the unparalleled unemployment that has evolved to be national security threat. The high unemployment and underemployment of Liberians coupled with embracing the culture of bribery and many unethical behaviors are potential threats to national security.
Most violence that destabilized Liberia in the past had been the result of the country?s inability to properly secure its borders with neighboring countries. On the other hand, Liberia has not been able to sustain mutually classical relationship with neighboring countries (Sierra Leon, Ivory Coast, and the Republic of Guinea). The result of Liberia?s lassitude to keep peace with its neighbors was evident by the 1985 coupe d?état by the late Brigadier Gen. Thomas Quiwonkpa and his National Patriotic Forces against the late president Samuel K. Doe. The insurgents entered the country through Sierra Leone. The National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) headed by currently imprisoned former president Charles G. Taylor that waged war against late president Samuel K. Doe entered the country through Ivory Coast. Another rebel group ?United Liberation Movement (ULIMO) invaded the country from the border with Guinea to fight against Taylor led forces. Both ULIMO and NPFL created small cells also worsened and prolonged the conflict. NPFL gave birth to ?Independent National Patriotic Front of Liberia (INPFL) headed by now Nimba County Sen. Prince Johnson. ULIMO replicated cells were ULIMO-K headed by Prof. Alahaji G. V. Kromah and ULIMO-J headed by Mr. Roosevelt Johnson respectively, just to name a few.
Besides the history of insurgencies in Liberia through borders, the country?s ineffectiveness to protect the borders resulted in several unintended consequences. Due to border insecurity with the Republic of Guinea, several diseases that later became epidemics have seeped through the country and claimed several innocent lives. Example of the spread of diseases in the country from neighboring country is the recent ?EBOLA? virus that entered Liberia from Guinea and Sierra Leone respectively.
National Security and Unemployment
Another serious National Security threat identified in Liberia is the unprecedented unemployment rate in the country. According to UNMIL 2015 report, about 80% of Liberian youth are either unemployed or underemployed. The causes of the high unemployment rate in the country vary. Some of the theories that try to explain the high unemployment rate amid the influx of Multinational Corporations in the country are:
National Security and Corruption
In the wake of UNMIL departure from Liberia, the security of the country is undefined. Liberian security officials are not trusted by the ordinary citizens as wells as the business community due to their unwavering pleasure in soliciting bribery as a way of life. The culture of corruption in Liberia is compromising the security of the country. Security officers assigned at various checkpoints or port of entries whose responsibility is to search vehicles for illegal weapons or protect the security of the nation regularly circumventing their assigned duties. Security officers are known of taking bribery without checking or protecting the port of entries. Police officials are allegedly caught giving arms or weapons to criminals to commit crimes so proceeds from criminal engagements can be shared between the criminals on one hand and the police on the other hand. It is an open secret in Liberia that law enforcers are partners in crime.
Officers of the anti-illicit drugs or substance agency, Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) whose responsibility is to arrest and deter the entry of illegal substance in the country are themselves allegedly partners in the underground economic activities.
There is no adequate or ethically enriched border security. Custom and immigration officers assigned at various entry points have no requisite empowerment to detect potential national security threats. Officers assigned to various entry points are made to believe that they are assigned not only to protect the security of the nation but to also accept bribery that allows smugglers to smuggle their belongings into country. There is no surveillance equipment or metal detector at any port of entry to determine or detect who is entering the country with weapon or not.
At the Robert International Airport (RIA); for example, there is a little or no adequate security measure in place to protect the airport, especially, at the arrival terminal. There is an assumption that everyone that enters the country through the airport is safe. Assigned security personal are often seen taking bribery only because they are hungry and lacked of integrity, thereby compromising the security of the country, and creating fear in the existing investors and potential investors. Government officials usually bridged security protocols at various port of entries. At the RIA, government officials often instruct airport security officers not to check in or search in the belonging of their visitors or family members entering the country. This means that if weapons were in the belongings of government officials? visitors or relatives it will not be exposed. This is a threat to national security.
The seaports are not fully secured due to lacked of surveillance security equipment such as metal detectors, cameras etc. The coast guard whose responsibility is to protect the national waters from trespasser or intruders have limited or no equipment to provide necessary security for the ports. Coast Guards often arrests fishers on the shore after fishing; when they are bribed with fish or a little cash, their alleged charges are dropped. The inability of Liberian port security or Coast Guards to protect the water entries was evident when an unknown or ghost ship sailed smoothly to a Liberian seaport in Robersport, Grand Cape Mount County in May, 2016 without National authority knowledge. The state security was unaware of how the ship doc at the port, who was the captain on the ship and which company own the ship. Moreover, Coast Guard had no information on the contents of the ship. Few days later, after the ship was seen at the port, it was reported that security personnel allegedly looted the cargos on the ship. After the allege looting of the ship, few days later the ship mysteriously disappeared from the doc without the government?s knowledge. Up to the time the ship disappeared, there was no validated information about the captain and owner of the ship. However, there was a rumor that the captain was seen traveling at the RIA without being arrested or questioned.
The culture of bribery is the order of the day at various port of entries all because the country is hungry and its people compromising their integrity for instant gratification. There is no check and balance at any port of entry. Every security officer is egotistically seeking his or her personal financial interest while on national duty. Hunger is the rudimentary cause of Liberia insecurity.
Lacked of Systemized National Identification Card (ID card) as a Security Threat
Presently, in Liberia, there is a little or no identification system established to identify or distinguish residents from individuals who are just visiting the country or those who might enter the country on a covert mission or have criminal intent against the country and people. The only recognized identification system in Liberia is the government issued voters? registration card.
Additionally, Liberia residential communities are not properly zoned, therefore, none of the homes, houses, or zinc sharks are numbered to provide proper addresses for individuals who are living in the country or who will be visiting. As a result, there are people who entered the country illegally and are difficult to be located and even people who entered the country legally as well. When visitors leave the port of entry, there is no way to locate them or to communicate with them regarding their stay in the country. The danger of people residing within the border and not being identified is not limited to national security, but it also limits the ability of the government to get accurate census of residents and how to provide assistance to those who are in need. Besides the security threat or lacked of proper identification creates a vacuum for resource leak into the wrong hand because, government just doesn?t have a reliable means of identification for individuals in the country?s territorial limit.
While there is no national Identification system, there is as well no permanent resident card that would distinguish resident alien from citizens. Due to the lack of rigor internal or border security measures, it is often easier for smuggler, drug dealers, illegal traders, or dissident forces to intrude the national security of the country
Identification by Vehicle Registration/License
Vehicles? license plates are often assigned to identify the vehicles and their owners in case where the vehicles are stolen or lost. The security threat of vehicle plates in Liberia is that license plates are changed on a yearly basis. During the renewal process, the old or expired plate is not returned to the proper authority for accurate record keeping or reference purposes. Expired license plates remain with the owner, and are sometimes seen on other unregistered vehicles. Liberia has no computerized mobile security system that would enable police officers to verify license plate, driver license, or other forms of identification on the sport when potential violators are being questioned.
Government?s inability to regulate these expired license plate can create a situation where the plate at times get in the wrong (criminal) hands and freely plow the street. Since the security (police) is accustomed to bribery, they are often bribed when such vehicle is pulled over and most likely allow the vehicles to go after bribery without proper security check.
Solution: Protecting Liberian Borders
A strong military is the fulcrum of national security. A weak military as a national security threat was evident by the quick spreading of the various groups of dissident forces in the country that unseated constitutional governments of President William R. Tolbert, Jr., President Samuel K. Doe and President Charles G. Taylor respectively.
To acquire and maintain our military edge and have competitive advantage we have to reform an embark on necessary investment in the military forces and their families. In order to have maximum security in Liberia, the country needs to strengthen the defense system. Strengthening the defense system does not necessarily mean that there has to be massive recruitment in the security agencies. The country needs small, active and well trained army. In addition to the physical training and mental toughness, the military has to be equipped with modernized security military technology and weaponries.
Besides active duty military personnel, the country needs to have reserve military personnel who will be in readiness to respond to any national security threat. Those in the reserve would be acquired by legislating a bill that will be called ?National Defense Bill?. This legislation will allow by law young men and women at high school age, preferably, 11th and 12th grades undergo six month actively military training before their graduation. These trained individuals, after their graduation from high school, some might choose to serve in the military and those who will not be enrolled in the force will serve as reserve.
In order to achieve the proposed reform of the military system, the act that will create the ?National Defense Bill? has to prescribe that service in the military will be on a contractual basis; this means that service in the military will be time sensitive. Individuals who will complete their term in service will automatically be eligible to be placed on the reserve. Although, there has to be incentives to attract individuals? commitment.
To obtain maximum national security, every security apparatus or personnel including but not limited to military, immigration, custom, police, National Security Agency (NSA) be required by law to undergo the same physical and weaponry training before specializing in their respective areas. The trained individuals will be militarily ready to respond in case there is any violent intrusion in the country.
With this reform, our military will remain ready to deter and defeat threats and potential threats to the national security including cross border attacks, terrorist attacks, air and sea invasions. This proposed equipped military will not only be ready for war, but will be ready for unexpected natural disasters. With our well trained military, the country will be positioned to protect its citizens, and investors or business community?s interest and properties. Our military will as well be in readiness to provide competitive assistance to regional stability and render humanitarian assistance locally or international when the need demands.
The reformation of the military will create new direction on how our neighbors and allies view our existence in the sub-region. we will continue to work with our allies and deter potential aggression on the country. As suggested earlier, we will have small military, but will strive to remain strong with weapons, and emerging military technology. This means that we will continue to improve our military capacity to be contemporarily ready for maximum national defense. While we support our active duty military, we will make sure those who have served receive necessary benefits that would help them sustain their families and access other opportunities that would enable them develop new career path.
Additionally, the VLG will forever remain sentient about the emerging security development within the confine of its jurisdictions and across borders by encouraging police union among neighboring countries. Besides the current Manor River Union and the ECOWAS, the purpose of the police union with neighboring countries will be focused on sharing security information that will be in the best interest of each participating country. A quarterly police security breathing among member states will be encourage. Defined members who will be eligible to attend such crucial meetings will be determined by each participating country?s government.
While Liberian Military will be fully equipped, the nation will remain a beacon of peace in the sub-region. Diplomacy will be the foundation on which the country will stand to resolve cross border disputes or differences. Military aggression will be executed in the case of defense but not offense.
Solution: Air space and Maritime Security
Liberia has continuing, but lasting interest in freedom of navigation and overflight as well as the safety and sustainability of our air and maritime domain. In this respect, we as a nation will acquire the capability to ensure the free flow of commerce, respond in effective manner to those in need and to deter those who might have the intent to destabilize the peace of our nation. With our acquired capabilities, we will insist on nationally and internationally responsible behaviors in the air, on the land and on the waters. Consequently, we reject in the strongest term any illegal and aggressive behaviors that constitute suspicious threat to Liberian National security.
Solution- National Security and Unemployment
The high unemployment and underemployment rates in Liberia are of national security concern. Amid the flood of multinational corporations in the country, there continues to be high unemployment among Liberians. According to information gathered from businesses and potential employers in the country, they believe that Liberians are not employable therefore, they have to do cross border employment to conduct business within Liberia. There is a believe that Liberians are not employable because, their career paths are not tailored in a way that their disciplines will be consistent with the demand of the emerging market.
In order to bridge the underemployment and unemployment situation in the country, the VOLT led government (VLG) will attack the problem from multiple angles. First to bring situation under control, and upon the seating of the VLG, a bill will be introduced in the house of legislatures to allow the government to establish agricultural battalion in the military.
Those enlisted in the agricultural battalion will be desirable unemployed Liberians who, because of the economic difficulties, have automatically become gangs, or otherwise involve in illegal activities and becoming security problems. These group of people are locally referred to as ?Zogos?. These Zogos consist of members of the various disbanded warring faction groups. While the UNMIL strategically conducted disarmament among the various faction groups, it is evident that not all the arms were turned over to the United Nations by the fighters. The remnants of the fire arms that left with the ex-fighters are often used to harassed peaceful citizens and the business community during robberies.
While there is no doubt that these individuals have involuntarily become criminals due to economic hardship, it is the national government?s responsibility to provide opportunity that will give them second chance. Enlisting this group in the ?Agricultural Battalion? will help the government to have account of them and furthermore, train them with modernized agricultural machineries and technology that will equip them with skills for mechanize farming. The recruitment of this group will not only be creating career opportunities, but will solve national security problems. The cultivation of these disbanded young men and women in the agricultural battalion will help to get them off the street and as well become productive citizens.
The agricultural battalion will be a national initiative that is intended to revolutionize the country through agriculture. The battalion will be in the frontline to fight poverty by engaging in mechanize farming across the country as war against poverty. Government will serve as a support system for farmers and landowners who would want to benefit from the revolution. The purpose of the revolution is to get individuals from poverty. In order to help the poor, the VOLT led government will categorize them into ?extremely poor, moderately poor, and vulnerable poor. Based on these labels, the VOLT led government will be able to direct assistance to them based on their individual needs. Details of the poor categories are explained in the attached exhibit: Liberia will be subdivided into four agriculturial districts. In the four districts, the VLG will equip them with mechanized agriculturial essentials that are not limited to mechanaries, storages, rice barns, etc.
In order to improve the sophistication of Liberian human capital, the government has to fully be involved in the education of the nation from the rudimentary level. The education of the citizens should not be contingent on family?s economic status or their connectedness in political high places. To jumpstart the human development process, the VLG will strongly invest in early childhood education to prepare children for better primary and secondary education. Liberia has to create an educational system that tuition payment will consider individual family?s poverty level. This means that every family that falls below a nationally identified poverty line will be able to receive none payable grants to go to school or acquire their desired education or career path. The government requirement for maintaining the grant will be defined in the legislation.
Additionally, in order to make Liberians employable and minimize the high underemployment and unemployment in the country, the VOLT led government (VLG) will first revisit all concessional agreements signed by multinational corporations with previous governments to assure that these agreements do not only allow the corporations to conduct business with the government, but they are legally obligated to provide training and job opportunities for Liberians. The VLG will engage multinational corporations so that their Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) become a legal CSR. The legality of CSR will not only help Liberians to be gainfully employed, but will help the MNC to avoid uncertainties that are embedded in optional CSR.
Job creation for Liberians will be one of the primary focuses of the VLG. Another aspect of CSR that will be legalized in the VLG is making a legislative mandate that every MNC that does business with the government establishes production facilities or factories in the country to make finishing products. The legislation will require every MNC to process 25% of all natural resources that are being cultivated. This legislation will not only help with job creation, but would also help Liberia to export finished products, thereby making the nation?s economy much competitive on the global market.
The purpose for Corporate Social Responsibility in any corporation is to help undeveloped countries like Liberia to improve their, human resources and infrastructural development, individual health, physical wellbeing, etc. When CSR becomes legal and the responsibilities of the MNC are fully defined in their contract or concessional agreement and their yearly CSR is prescribed, it will avoid uncertainties that often become resource leak from the companies or otherwise MNC implement little or no CSR to the desire of the community in which they conduct their business.
Ending Extreme Poverty among Liberians
Liberia is endowed with natural resources that, when the wealth is equitably distributed, the citizens will be emancipated from the trap or culture of poverty. The endowment of Liberia is historically evident by the Portuguese explorer who toured Africa and named most of its providences. The explorer named Liberia Green Coast for the level of vegetation they saw across the country. Liberia at that time was the only country found in the dark continent of Africa with such possibility of vegetation.
In order to end the extreme poverty in the country, the VLG will put the society on a path of shared and sustained prosperity. With the legal CSR we will foster export markets, improve investment opportunities by removing all uncertainties that often serve as clutters for investors, and minimize the need for costly consumable products importation in the country. Liberia will evolve to producing the food it eats. Presently, it is estimated that there is a capital flight of over US$480,000,000.00 on the consumption of foreign rice. When Liberia gets involved in feeding itself, the US$480,000,000.00 will circulate in the economy, thereby lifting the people out of poverty substantially.
The VLG will significantly be involved in wealth distribution. The wealth distribution will be done through social programs such as our universal health care package, early childhood education, primary education, school grants, affordable housing etc. The regulation of these social programs will strongly consider individual family?s income as well as national poverty line that will be established. Individuals in poverty situation will receive necessary assistance based on their needs. Not everyone will receive the same or equal assistance since not everyone is in the same poverty situation or has the same gravity of poverty. Instead of having county development funds that are often misappropriated, the funds will be renamed to ?village revolving funds?. With the new nomenclature, every village in the country will be numerated thereby receiving their portion of the wealth or funds according to their needs. Through this new nomenclature, many activities such as farming, affordable housing, business, etc. will receive other incentives within the rural areas.
With the execution of this poverty reduction plan, every citizen in the country will be able to receive his or her share of the national wealth in services, goods, health and education subsidies instead of cash distribution. Individuals will be empowered by creating an enabling environment that would allow them to create their own wealth.
Liberia will work with responsible partners to put an end to poverty at the center of the new sustainable development agenda face to face with the global market. Such agenda will focus on mobilizing people and coordinating actions and achievable goals for at least 15 years or more. We will highlight transformative investments in areas like affordable housing, women?s equity and empowerment, child education equity initiative, adult education, sustainable energy, and government of inclusion.
We will foster trade and investment to harness job-rich economic growth. Our focus will remain on the clear need for Liberian ownership and political commitment to the social contract between government and the people thereby, reinforcing the linkage between social and economic development. The VLG will play a pivotal role to marshal diverse resources and broad coalitions to advance the imperative of accountable democratic governance etc. The government will promote the model of entrepreneurial strengths to take to scale proven solutions in partnership with government, businesses, and the civil society and most importantly, we will acquire food security capabilities, and enhancing resilience, modernizing rural agricultural initiatives, reducing the vulnerability of the poor and eliminating preventable child and maternal death as we drive progress towards national disease and disaster control for present and future generations.
Decentralized School System as a Solution to National Security Problems
The high schools, colleges and Universities in Liberia are graduating young men and women every year with professions that have little or no demand on the emerging career opportunities in the country. For example, on a yearly basis the University of Liberia puts out graduates in thousands; however, most of the graduates are specialized in majors such as Political Science, Sociology, Public Administration, Mass Communication, Education, etc. In short, majority of these career paths are Liberal Art professions. These disciplines are noble career paths. However, they are not in demand by the job market. VOLT strongly believes that MNC like Firestone, China Union, Arcelor Mittal, Exxon Mobile, Total Gas, and other mining corporations in the country are not much interested in hiring someone with a Political Science, Sociology, Mass Communication, Public Administration etc. degrees. With these Liberal Art Professions, government becomes the principal employer or sometimes, minimally assisted by NGOs some of which do not provide gainful employment for the people.
When government becomes a principal employer in a country, the byproduct is overcrowded government with little or no control over its activities. As a result of lack of control in government, individuals in service become unaccountable, misappropriating, embezzling, institutionalizing bureaucratic corruption, thereby promoting underground activities for personal gains, and at most engage in unethical practices that compromise the interest of the people. When government becomes the sole employer and cannot absorb every employable person, the results are the high rocketing unemployment, cross border hiring, and career mismatch we are now experiencing in the country.
In order to mitigate these gaps, the national government needs to be involved and persuasive to jumpstart desirable new paths for human resource development that will be in demand by the job market. The way forward in this is to decentralize the education system in the country and build community colleges in the various areas where these MNC are doing their operations. These colleges will train young men and women with careers that are in demand by current and future job markets. Additionally, the MNC will be obligated by legal CSR to provide professionals that will train the young people with careers that are demanded by individual investment operations. With these career options, students will be able to do internships with these companies to have both theoretical and practical training, thereby having better chance to be hired after completing the required curriculum.
When young men and women are fully trained, gainfully employed, have families and planning their lives, they are less likely to be involved in crimes that obviously threaten national security. Contrarily, when people have more time on their hands doing nothing, feeling disenfranchised, they can lose hope and become vulnerable to ideologies that might have potential threat to national security.
Civil Society and Future Generation Empowerment
There is more to democracy than mere elections or replication of governmental institutions that do not meet the shared interest of the people. Through the civil society, citizens come together to hold their leaders accountable and address challenges. Civil society organizations often drive innovations and develop tangible ideas and approaches to solve social, economic, and political problems that government can apply on a larger scale.
Furthermore, creating an enabling environment for people and citizens alike to advance their interests and express their convictions can lead to free and flourishing civil society. The VOLT led government will legally battle political elitism that subscribes to authoritarian states, thereby suppressing peaceful societal existence. Authoritarianism, is usually express in political elites crafting new laws that regulate the civil society or deny civic groups from foreign funding they depend on to exercise their franchises; deny opposition groups their freedom to assemble in peaceful protest etc. Besides creating the environment for civil groups to acquire the desire local and foreign funding, or freely exercise their rights, the VOLT led government will directly support the civil society for undertakings that would enhance national security as well as improve the country image abroad.
We are what or who we are as human not because of our physical morphology, shield, but our ability to distinct ourselves with morality from other creatures in the animal kingdom. We are humans because of our values, cultures, integrity and those characteristics that we hold that are universally acceptable. Our values, cultures and integrity are not similar; they are diverse.
The diversity in human race does not necessarily mean we have to be fragmented. The Vision for Liberia Transformation (VOLT) holds the truth that in diversity there is wisdom, and with this truth, VOLT believes that in diversity we can be united. VOLT is informed that there is a fine line between unity and uniformity. VOLT subscribes to unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation.
Using these facts as a fulcrum of building stronger Liberia that would eventually lead to the nation?s global competitiveness, the VOLT led government will embrace and promote religious tolerance. There is nowhere in the world where homogeneity has proven to enhance unity. Liberia today has evolved to a nation of diverse people. The country has become a society of variety of cultures, differing religious beliefs and behaviors. In such an emerging diversified society, in order to be united, tolerance becomes inevitable. Religious tolerance will be one of the hinges on which the VOLT led government will rely on to enhance peace and unity in Liberia.
Presently, the world consists of more than 2 billion Christians, 14 million Jews, 1 billion Muslims, and approximately 150 million Atheists according to the Christians Apologetics and Research Ministry. People of these different religious interests are one way or the other our neighbors, friends, visitors, business partners etc. This sort of closeness means, there is a form of interrelationship or a golden-thread that is bringing us together. With people having differing beliefs and practices, it becomes ever important to make religious tolerance a bedrock for societal co-existence; thus, serving as a means to respect others even when there is no uniformity in their beliefs.
Religious tolerance teaches individuals to be more loving and trusting while enacting the trait of love thy neighbors and thy enemy. It should be understood that subscribing to the philosophy of religious tolerance does not mean that all individuals should agree with other people?s religious views or accept other people?s faith as their own. Religious tolerance involves allowing others to practice their faith without interruption, harassment, or any form of discrimination. In the absence of religious tolerance in a diversified society, others of different faith often find themselves as the target for hatred, disrespect, discrimination, violence and the byproducts of such intolerance are not limited to mob violence, extremisms and insurgencies; in short the society carelessly subscribed to social anarchy.
Consequently, aimed the religious tolerance, the VOLT led government will remain vigilant and fully alert on any culture, beliefs and religious practices that contravene the constitution of Liberia, and have the propensity to violate the fundamental principles of human rights. Any practice that will derail the value of our constitution; the morality of our country and its people, or deter our relationship with our friends will be investigated by legally established authority and those responsible will bear the full weight of the law.
Exercising rights that transgress over the rights of another person?s right is a violation and must be intervene by legal authority to maintain social sanity.
VOLT Led Government Foreign Policy On America
The foreign relation between Liberia and the United States of America is a long standing one, traceable to the 1820?s when the then Green Coast now became Liberia upon the arrival of free slaves from the Americas. Since the location of such great land of Africa by the American Colonization Society in an effort towards repatriating the black population in the Americas, things turned to be good. While it is true that some individuals and groups came to Liberia and launched their exploitation campaign, there existed commerce and trade, which fostered economic benefits of various forms between the two countries. For an example, the establishment of the then world?s tenth iron ore producing company in Liberia inclusive of the United States? partnership, LAMCO, helped Liberia?s economy to come second to Japan during the 1960?s. Before then, the world?s largest rubber plantation, the Firestone Rubber Plantation Company, was existing and trying to give the country its deserving economic position among the rest of the world. Therefore, the eventual full-fleshed operation of LAMCO became a major push for the economy, especially so when Liberia major currency was the U. S. dollars. Besides LAMCO, the Republic Steel Company based in Baltimore, Maryland had Iron ore operations in Bong Mines. Beyond these economic benefits of growth and development in Liberia?s foreign relationship with the United States, lies a historic international benefit fronted by the United States during World War II.
During the then most feared Germany?s Nazi forces under the commanding voice of Adolph Hitler who intended to conquer the rest of the world, the United States? interest was hit after she had sworn to militarily respond to and conquer any fighting force that might hit any of its allies or territories. Therefore, the Robert International Airport (RIA) in Liberia was constructed as a military support base in preparation towards the fulfilment of said vow to the allies? forces territories. Besides the RIA, Liberia allowed the US to construct the Free Port of Monrovia and built temporary landing strips on the beaches in Robertsports. Additionally, the longest tower in Africa at the time ?the Omega Tower? was erected to help the US gather sensitive information about Nazi Germany and Japan. There, all military equipment, including heavy weapons and planes were based and picked up for war against the Nazis in Europe and elsewhere. This helped to shorten the distance to the ?frontline? for the United States. Through Liberia, the United States got upper hand in the War and finally ended it. In fact, it cannot be argued that the atomic bomb used to put the War to an end in September 1945 by the then U. S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, was flown through Liberia to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Despite the end of World War II since 1945, the struggle continues amongst developed nations but, now for higher market share and economic power. Moreover, unarguably, the pressure from this new order of globalization requires teamwork for ultimate success. Therefore, Liberia will improve its membership with the U. S. Team in the global market, prioritizing business deals with United States companies under the VOLT led government upon 2017 general and presidential elections. In other words, Liberia will collaborate and cooperate with the United States? economy through business strategies for market success. Yet still, our country is aware that such new order comes along new challenges we must face. Some of these challenges include but not limited to the wave of terrorism, illiteracy, underemployment, unemployment, and diversity. Therefore, we will work with the United States to alleviate some of these impediments to economic progress.
An uncompromised and trusted relationship with the U. S bring in much-needed capital, technical expertise, organizational, managerial, marketing practices, and global production networks, thus facilitating the process of economic growth and development in Liberia. Being a reliable ally to the U. S will emerge reciprocal benefits such as increasing financial resources for development; boosting export competitiveness; regenerating the affordable housing sector; generating employment and strengthening the skills base; protecting the environment and social responsibility; enhancing technological capabilities, etc.
While there are U.S. investors in Liberia, there are gaps such as administrative malpractices that steam from bribery to bureaucratic corruptions in creating business friendly environment. The VOLT led government will actively undertake investment-promotion policies to fill in these gaps and correct perception gaps that might hinder U.S involvement in the reconstruction of Liberia. The VOLT led government will strive in crating national image that will be investors friendly. Although, extra incentives will be provided to investors who will take advantage of our proposed affordable housing and mechanized agricultural sectors.
We also remain cognizant of the fact that, in the midst of sporadic terroristic acts towards the United States and its allies, the dream for economic team work remains in limbo. The global market cannot be made more vibrant and formidable for all in the midst of terrorism. Therefore, Liberia will remain a very strong ally to the United States in sharing information for maximum security and world peace. Note, ?an enemy of our friend remains our enemy as well?. By this, we will also be supporting the United States in its effort towards world policing in which we all mutually benefit. In addition, supporting the U. S. in this way is like throwing the bits to the upper waters. They will float downward to you in various benefits of nation building.
VOLT?s Foreign Policy on Nigeria
There is a rich history between Liberia as the oldest African independent nation and most African countries of which Nigeria is not an alien. Since the independence of Nigeria in 1960, the nation has evolved to be an agent of peace on the continent of Africa. It has been evident that Nigeria?s foreign policies on African countries including Liberia have been characterized by promoting unity among African nations, non-alignment, non-volitional interference in the internal affairs of other African nations, but continues to be the forerunner of regional economic cooperation and development for shared interest among fellow African Nations.
These facts manifest in Nigeria involvement in Africa Union, Economic Community of West African States (ECCOWAS), Non-Aligned Movement, the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations. Through these diplomatic initiatives, especially ECCOWAS, Nigeria collaboration with other West African Nations and championed peace negotiations among Liberian warring factions to bring an end to the civil conflict that claimed over 250,000 innocent lives in Liberia. Although, Liberia is enjoying at least 11yrs of peace today, but it all began with good neighborliness of Nigeria that also cost them several lives, just to acknowledge few of Nigeria?s tangible influence in the sub-region.
Prior to Nigeria reaching out to resuscitate Liberia from its civil conflict, Liberia aligned with Nigeria 100% of the time in its struggle for independence from British colonization as well as during the Biafra civil war. Liberia assured the territorial integrity and unity of Nigeria. Liberia was part of the six African nations (Congo, Cameroons, Ethiopia, Ghana, Niger and Liberia) who reassure Gen.Yakubu Gowon and his government that the Organization of Africa Unity (OAU) was in support of Nigeria?s territorial integrity.
As history depicts, the relationship between the Republic of Liberia and the Federal Republic of Nigeria has been cordial and interchanges of immunities or reciprocal benefits that are not limited to cultural exchange, political and socio-economic enhancement.
The philosophy of African solidarity and Pan Africanism that were engineered by 19th century African leaders such as Haile Selassie of Ethiopia who cautions Africans to submerge and overcome our differences in the quest for common goals, to strive, with all our combined strength, for the path to true African brotherhood and unity; William V. S. Tubman of Liberia who championed policies on African unity to reduce social class system and political differences; Alh. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa of Nigeria who suggested that ?African unity should be achieved through political fusion of the different states and further argued that unity in Africa could be achieved through practical steps in economic, educational, scientific and cultural cooperation?; Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana who believed that the ?forces that unite us are intrinsic and greater than the superimposed influences that keep us apart?, Ahmed Sekou Toure of Guinea who detest neocolonialism and stated that ?we prefer poverty in liberty than riches in slavery?; and recent African nationalists like Baba Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo of Nigeria who said ?Nigeria has no business with poverty, with our human and material resources, we shall strive to eradicate poverty from our country?; Thomas Sankara of Burkina Faso who states ?he who feels you controls you?, Jerry John Rawlings of Ghana who argued that ?Food is a political weapon?Africa?s foremost defense is self-sufficiency in food?. ?Until we attain a substantial measure of freedom from food dependency, we are vulnerable to manipulation by the wealthier nations?, etc. whose political philosophy centered on the exigency of social and economic rebirth of their fellow citizens will be emulated and used as the fulcrum of VOLT led government.
The VOLT mission in Liberia as participant in African politics is to champion economic and social rebirth for shared benefits regardless of individuals? social class or political connectedness. Presently, there is a diplomatic communique between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Republic of Liberia that encompasses cooperation in Education, Culture, Bilateral Trade and Training of Liberian Foreign Service Officers. The two countries also entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on Mining and Geological explorations. Another aspect of the agreement is that Nigeria will in the future ?commit to offering scholarships to Liberian diplomats to pursue Masters in International Relations and Strategic Studies (MISS) at the University of Lagos?. ?While pursuing their masters? degree, Liberian beneficiaries of the Nigerian scholarships would also take courses at the Nigerian Foreign Service Academy?. With the ensuing pendulum of relationship between the two countries, the VOLT led government will withhold agreements that have reciprocal benefits and at the same time devoid uncertainties that might have the potential in denting the existing relationship.
VOLT as an institution that subscribes to Pan Africanism and African Solidarity would be in the vanguard of championing economic and social rebirth and will augment the current shared interest of Nigeria and Liberia to include Mechanized Agricultural initiatives, Health, Medical, and Herbal Sciences. Special privilege will be afforded to institutions and individuals whose empirical insight in Herbal Science would channel the extermination of monogenetic disorder and multifactorial inheritance disorders such as Sickle cell disease, cystic fibro, polycystic kidney disease, Tay-sachs disease, diabetes, Heart disease and other forms of cancer that include breast, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers.
The VOLT leg government will embark on establishing a centralize Herbal Science research and training institute to compliment the medical science environment thereby enhancing the health needs of Liberians and the people in the sub-region. The research and training institute will include research on endemic or epidemic disease prevention, control, training, and research. This complementary health initiative will not only minimize the evolution of genetic disorders, outburst and spreading of curable diseases, but will subsequently increase the lifespan of Liberian people and those who will potentially benefit. Botanical medicine will be high on the VOLT led government?s agenda as it will be part of our universal healthcare package.
While the VOLT led government will uphold existing diplomatic arrangements between Nigeria and Liberia, it will pronounce the articulation of its political ideology that emphasizes economic and social rebirth through policies that address the interest of the poor and the aggressive resuscitation and reconstruction of critical infrastructures and key resources (CIKR) in its external relations.
The VOLT led government?s foreign policy is not intended to juxtapose external relation that will have numerical equilibrium in benefits, but architected to encourage barter exchanges of goods and services consistent with participating countries mutual understanding and agreement. It is the intent of this governance manifesto that we work with external governments in a manner to give laser focus to the economic priority of Liberia as we engage in activities that will engender social, political and economic rebirth to our people.
The VOLT leg government will fight bureaucratic corruption at all levels from the civil porter to the executive or commander-in-chief. If corruption is not the only killer of the country and its people, it is well known as a hindrance to national growth and development; a situation that Liberia ranked itself in the chronic category. Some of the byproducts of corruption are rent-seeking, the lacked or provision of insufficient public services and rigid laws that do not apply to legislators and the enforcers, but the poor or the economic disadvantaged in the society.
When any country is corrupt it does not only cause the increase in transaction cost, promote uncertainties, insufficient investment, endorses the culture of bribery, leakage of services, implementation failure etc., but equally accepts poverty as a culture and phenomenon that persists among certain group of people thereby those affected by the marvel get tripped and have no way out.
On the other hand, when any country believes in ethical standards, holds everyone accountable for their action and inaction and implement sanctions on corruption, it does not only improve the livelihood of the ordinary people, enhance infrastructural development, economic growth, etc., but heighten better fiscal performance and decreases deficit as well as debt.
Most countries including Liberia whose majority of their citizens continue to live below poverty line are those that exercise lethargy on implementing sanctions that would deter corrupt or potential corrupt individuals. The quiescence of implementing laws that have shared interest of the people is also a form of corruption that should be sanctioned. Bureaucratic corruption can rob the nation and its people from their wealth.
Cognizance of the dreaded effect civil dishonesty such as corruption has on the progress of any nation, the VOLT led government will have rapprochement both at home and internationally to combat civil unethical behaviors. VOLT will fight corruption by engaging citizens on national and local levels with sanctions that are consistent with the scales and scope of corruption; close sanction implementation leakages and use the architecture that has been developed and the platforms that exist for deterrence. Globally, the VOLT led government will fight corruption by establishing extradition treaties that would specifically address corruption with neighboring countries and friendly government in an effort to closing safe havens for accused corrupt or indicted individuals and institutions.
Capacity building and incentive provision will be paramount in the fight against corruption. While deterrence will be exercised to the fullest in the fight against corruption, incentives will be awarded to individuals and companies who will be notable of establishing and implementing ethical behaviors that will confront corrupt practices during the discharge of their duties. The VOLT led government will invest in institutions and policies that would contribute to sustainable improvement in how government delivers goods and services and as well conducts business with investors and potential investors.
The government will work with friendly individuals and foreign governments to employ cutting-edge check-and-balance technologies to build dynamic and continuous exchanges between key stakeholders: government, citizens, business, civil society groups, media, academia etc. to control corrupt practices.
Liberia is endowed with Iron ore, timber, rubber, diamond, gold, coco, coffee, crude oil, etc. These natural resources have been mismanaged and policies in place such as provision on corporate social responsibility that is internationally established and known if implemented by investors could alleviate the ordinary citizens from poverty has been compromised or leaked into the hands of the wrong people. VOLT will work with investors and potential investors to remove clutter such as optional CSR that has the potential to phonate uncertainties in doing business with the government and the ordinary citizen.
Liberia ? China Relations
The relationship between Liberia and the Republic of China has been cordial but dangling over the years. Such unreliable relationship can cause skepticism between potential allies. The two countries? relationship began in 1977 about 30yrs ago. The skepticism from the side of China towards Liberia that has bridged the relationship between the two countries over the years has been the result of Liberia?s inability to sustain a stable but mutual understanding that withholds China?s ?One China? policy. Liberia has over the years flip flop diplomatic relationship between China and Taiwan.
From 2000 to 2017, there are more than 68 Chinese official development finance projects identified in Liberia. These projects range from renovating and constructing the Fendell Campus for Engineering of the University of Liberia to a US$10 million contract with the Government of Liberia for the construction of a 100 bedroom hospital in Nimba County in 2008 to the ongoing construction of the Liberia ministerial complex in Oldest Congo Town, just to name a few. With such an uncompromising assistance being provided to Liberia by the Chinese government, it is prudent and just that the VOLT led government reciprocate such goodwill by maintaining an environment that will enhance both countries interactions.
The VOLT led government strongly believes in its unique policy that emphasizes ?our Friend is our friend and Our Friend?s Enemy is Our Enemy?. VOLT leg government expected relationship with The People?s Republic of China is to uphold the one China policy and sustain reliable diplomacies with the republic.
The fulcrum on which VOLT is built is to revolutionize Liberia through mechanized agricultural endeavors as the party?s motto indicates: Transforming Liberia through Agriculture. With VOLT recognizing agriculture as a bedrock for any stable economy and independent nation; whereas China is a pioneer and champion in agricultural technology, the VOLT leg government will facilitate an enabling environment where Liberia and China will have a specific diplomatic treaty on Liberia being transformed through agriculture.
The VOLT led government will stand with the People Republic of China at all times without compromising the integrity and dignity of the people and the sovereignty of Liberia as a nation.
Conclusion and Solicitation
The creation of VOLT promises a new era of hope, equality, and prosperity for Liberians. VOLT brings an energized focus and determination to give Liberians the quality of life, education, healthcare, and social services that have been Liberians? dreams, but denied for decades.
Our platform centers on the concept of ?transformation? and involves a comprehensive review of all identifiable problems destroying the moral, social, political, and economic fabric of our nation, and designing strategic solutions that address each problem. We remain resolute in our intent to transform Liberia into a global entity with modern infrastructure from education to agriculture that fits the profile of an emerging nation of the 21st century.
The advancement in technology and healthcare has left Africa, as a continent, in dire need to transform its institutions in order to compete and flourish politically, economically, and socially. In seeing this ever-increasing gap, the Vision For Liberia Transformation (VOLT) has emerged to take creative and systemic steps to position Liberia for global participation.
We solicit your support in all forms and partnership, in order to bring to realization the dreams of a people and nation in desperate need of change. Please, HELP US transform Liberia into an oasis of growth, productivity, and vibrancy.
Dr. Jeremiah Z. Whapoe
Vision for Liberia Transformation Party (VOLT)
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