Transforming Liberia through Agriculture !
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VISION FOR LIBERIA TRANSFORMATION         

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Geography


Liberia is bounded on the west by Sierra Leone, on the north by Guinea, on the east by Côte d’Ivoire and on the south by the Atlantic Ocean.  Its area is about 39,000 square miles (according to Forestry Development Authority’s aerial survey in 1979) and its coastline is about 350 miles long.  Liberia’s mainland can be divided into three regions:  coastal lowlands, plateau and high plateau.  Its coastline is straight, sandy and is broken by lagoons and mangrove swamps.  About 25 miles inland, foothills ranging in height from 600 to 1,000 are found. They become mountains whose ranges run southwest-northeast. High plateaus are interspersed between the ranges.  Most of the area in the inland is covered by tropical rain forest.  Although threatened by deforestation mainly as a result of farming and logging, Liberia’s rainforest is still the largest in West Africa.  

Liberian rivers are short, flowing parallel to one another from the mountains to the Atlantic Ocean. The largest rivers are the Saint Paul also called Corbaa, Saint John also known as Meah, Mano also called Bewa, Cestos also known as Nuon, Loffa and  Cavalla also known as Yuu.  Cavalla which forms the eastern boundary of Liberia between Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire is the longest.

The climate is hot and humid.  Temperature varies around the country but it averages about 80 degree Fahrenheit.  The relative humidity also varies but can be up to 90 percent along the coastline where rainfalls are heavy.  The combination of high temperature and high relative humidity make most days hot and sticky, especially along the coastline.  Temperature and relative humidity are lower in the interior than along the coastal region.  

There are two seasons:  Rainy and dry.  Rainy season begins in May and ends in October with a short interlude around July or August.  Dry season begins in November and ends in April.  For a few days around Christmas, temperature and relative humidity drop when dust-laden wind known as Harmattan blows from the Sahara Region, bringing cold winter air.  There are indications that the rain pattern is changing due to climate change.

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